Hard Times Tokens Now Reported in NGC Census
Posted on 6/1/2007
The online NGC Census now includes population figures for Hard Times Tokens.
The NGC Census is a comprehensive listing of all the coins that NGC has certified, detailing the total number certified of each issue along with a breakdown by grade. The newly published Census of Hard Times Tokens includes over 2,000 individual tokens, and is available for free on NGC’s Web site: Hard Times Tokens in the NGC Census.
Hard Times Tokens, dating from 1832 to 1844, comprise a very popular and widely collected series of patriotic, satiric, and merchant tokens. Beginning in 1832, President Andrew Jackson sought to abolish the private Bank of the United States, believing it favored the interests of the wealthy. He succeeded in 1837 by vetoing the Second Bank, and instead funded state banks which were authorized to issue their own currency. The plan failed and hundreds of banks became insolvent. An economic crisis ensued, providing diverse source material for these tokens.
Hard Times Tokens were comprehensively catalogued by New York coin dealer Lyman Low at the turn of the century, describing over 180 tokens and defining the series. This work was revised by Russell Rulau beginning in the 1980s, and renumbered with HT- numbers. NGC uses Rulau’s numbering convention for its certification, and organizes the census in ascending order of HT- number.
NGC began its certification service for medals and tokens five years ago. Tokens and medals are graded at regular tier rates, but should be submitted separately from coins. A list of Tokens and Medals eligible for NGC Certification is available on our Web site: Tokens and Medals Certification from NGC. Questions regarding the NGC Census or medals and token grading can be directed to NGC Customer Service by phone at 1-800-NGC-COIN or by e-mail at Service@NGCcoin.