Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 20
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $295.63 (8/7/2020)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
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1878 $3 PF obverse 1878 $3 PF reverse
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Description & Analysis

The 1878 proof three dollar gold piece boasts one of the lowest mintages of the series, with just 20 pieces struck. Walter Breen believed the issue was coined simply to fill out the gold proof sets for the year, and all of the sets were apparently sold. The elusive nature of the 1878 proofs was well known to 19th century numismatists, and W. Elliot Woodward called the date 'rare' in his catalog of the Heman Ely Collection in 1884, only six years after the set was issued. Experts believe only 10-12 examples are extant today in all grades.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 5/2/2019

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1878 $3 PF
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ - - - - - - - 6250 - - - 13000 24000 33500 58500 72500 - - - -
1878 $3 PF CA
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ - - - - - - - - - - 12000 16000 27500 45000 65000 - - - - -
1878 $3 PF UC
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80000 110000 185000 - - -

NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The prices listed in the various NGC Price and Value Guides are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. Prices provided are averages, not specific prices for individual coins. Further, because these prices are only updated from time to time, they do not reflect short term pricing trends, which are quite common and are often quite dramatic, given the volatile nature of the collectible coin marketplace. This is especially true for rare coins, where there are fewer sales and greater variations in sale prices. For all of these reasons, the prices in these guides are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and factors that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and — when appropriate — expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Guides. By using the NGC Guides, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the Guides.

Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 7
Low Grade: 61
Average Grade: 64
High Grade: 67

The chart showing 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 8/4/2020 1878 $3 PF CA
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base------------1-111-----4
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total------------1-111-----4
 ------------25%-25%25%25%----- 
1878 $3 PF UC
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base----------------2-1---3
----------------1-----1
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total----------------3-1---4
 ----------------75%-25%--- 

NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1878 $3 PF CA
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base1111112699374738723952406741414485556361857317927810080131181653111
111119003048378838983990409142554844577065627970954511092142551653110
0000003048378838983990409142554844577065627970954511092142551653100
0000003397383039254028411643705203597769398624981212105153931653100
1878 $3 PF UC
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base11111131034261439844854612469450716248692581531027311138143991804911
11111103534894306442745274639481954636473733488591056112225156151804910
00000034894306442745274639481954636473733488591056112225156151804900
00000038754352445645694666494558556699774395661084913312168321804900
1878 $3 PF
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base11111124643447356436393747381741415158574768208686945012350156192012526422
1111182227913486358936753770392544805354610474428940104161343917121222240
0000002791348635893675377039254480535461047442894010416134391712100
0000003119352536143711379340334819555064628064919511383145291862300
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NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The auction prices realized listed in the NGC Auction Central are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. The auction data listed by NGC may occasionally contain typographical or input errors that can result in incorrect prices realized appearing on the NGC website. Therefore, the prices realized listed in NGC Auction Central are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and facts that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and – when appropriate – expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Auction Central. By using the NGC Auction Central, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the NGC Auction Central.