Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 4,850
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $283.37 (9/19/2020)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
Link to this coin

1868 $3 MS obverse 1868 $3 MS reverse
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Description & Analysis

After the Civil War, gold and silver coins remained a precious commodity that was hoarded and remained totally absent from circulation, except on the West coast. Similarly, mintages remained extremely small, especially at the Philadelphia Mint. At the time, the only operating branch Mint was in San Francisco. The New Orleans, Dahlonega, and Charlotte Mints had all ceased operations at the start of the Civil War, and only New Orleans would eventually reopen. The Carson City Mint was in planning stages, but had not yet opened its doors.

Total production of three-dollar gold pieces during the year was 4,875 coins, including 25 proofs. Today, it is estimated that less than 100 Mint States examples of this date survive, along with 300 to 400 circulated pieces, according to Q. David Bowers and Douglas Winter in The United States $3 Gold Pieces. Nearly all existing Mint State coins are in the lower numerical levels, from MS60 to 63. Gem quality survivors are extremely rare, as evidenced by the population totals.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 5/4/2020

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1868 $3 MS
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 685 700 950 1075 1575 1950 2100 2600 3100 4250 4850 5250 8600 12500 33000 47500 85000 - - -
$ - - - - - - 5000 7000 - - - - - -

NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The prices listed in the various NGC Price and Value Guides are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. Prices provided are averages, not specific prices for individual coins. Further, because these prices are only updated from time to time, they do not reflect short term pricing trends, which are quite common and are often quite dramatic, given the volatile nature of the collectible coin marketplace. This is especially true for rare coins, where there are fewer sales and greater variations in sale prices. For all of these reasons, the prices in these guides are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and factors that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and — when appropriate — expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Guides. By using the NGC Guides, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the Guides.

Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 377
Low Grade: VF
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 67

The chart showing VF series, 40 series, 45 series, 50 series, 53 series, 55 series, 58 series, 60 series, 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 9/15/2020 1868 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base----251119368012584726542-----370
-----------------------
------------1-1-------2
-----------------------
Total----251119368012584826642-----372
 ----1%1%3%5%10%22%34%2%13%7%2%1%1%----- 
1868 $3 MS PL
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base---------14--1----1---7
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total---------14--1----1---7
 ---------14%57%--14%----14%--- 

NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1868 $3 MS PL
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base93199610641137135115961739187221402299251626482799347441235076664479309400132851780524308
952101810881208143216431783196121932371256026983024369044405598707284201069514791199720
000000178319612193237125602698302436904440559870728420106951479100
000000182720502246244326042748324939064758612175018910119901629800
1868 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base90596710341105117913931596177620342188239725252671332439524876640076519084136761872726109
92598910571129125014601656186220852257243925732888353342605384681781281061415359211870
000000165618622085225724392573288835334260538468178128106141535900
000000171619482136232724822622310637424568589272348606121451704300
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: MS 61
Points: 2671
Owner: Whidbey Island Collection
 
Grade: AU 58 PL
Points: 2516
Owner: ASK123
 
View the Registry Image Gallery

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NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The auction prices realized listed in the NGC Auction Central are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. The auction data listed by NGC may occasionally contain typographical or input errors that can result in incorrect prices realized appearing on the NGC website. Therefore, the prices realized listed in NGC Auction Central are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and facts that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and – when appropriate – expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Auction Central. By using the NGC Auction Central, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the NGC Auction Central.