Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 4,850
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $261.84 (7/26/2021)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
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1868 $3 MS obverse 1868 $3 MS reverse
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Description & Analysis

After the Civil War, gold and silver coins remained a precious commodity that was hoarded and remained totally absent from circulation, except on the West coast. Similarly, mintages remained extremely small, especially at the Philadelphia Mint. At the time, the only operating branch Mint was in San Francisco. The New Orleans, Dahlonega, and Charlotte Mints had all ceased operations at the start of the Civil War, and only New Orleans would eventually reopen. The Carson City Mint was in planning stages, but had not yet opened its doors.

Total production of three-dollar gold pieces during the year was 4,875 coins, including 25 proofs. Today, it is estimated that less than 100 Mint States examples of this date survive, along with 300 to 400 circulated pieces, according to Q. David Bowers and Douglas Winter in The United States $3 Gold Pieces. Nearly all existing Mint State coins are in the lower numerical levels, from MS60 to 63. Gem quality survivors are extremely rare, as evidenced by the population totals.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 7/8/2021

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1868 $3 MS
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 685 700 950 1075 1575 1950 2100 2600 4300 4550 6250 7300 8600 12500 33000 47500 85000 - - -
$ - - - - - - 6500 7500 - - - - - -

NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The prices listed in the various NGC Price and Value Guides are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. Prices provided are averages, not specific prices for individual coins. Further, because these prices are only updated from time to time, they do not reflect short term pricing trends, which are quite common and are often quite dramatic, given the volatile nature of the collectible coin marketplace. This is especially true for rare coins, where there are fewer sales and greater variations in sale prices. For all of these reasons, the prices in these guides are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and factors that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and — when appropriate — expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Guides. By using the NGC Guides, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the Guides.

Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 380
Low Grade: VF
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 67

The chart showing VF series, 40 series, 45 series, 50 series, 53 series, 55 series, 58 series, 60 series, 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 7/20/2021 1868 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base----251119368012884726542-----373
-----------------------
------------1-11------3
-----------------------
Total----251119368012884826652-----376
 ----1%1%3%5%10%21%34%2%13%7%2%1%1%----- 
1868 $3 MS PL
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base---------14--1----1---7
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total---------14--1----1---7
 ---------14%57%--14%----14%--- 

NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1868 $3 MS PL
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base14111454147217491872229024882552264829413539370342554546527758798541974011906125831354014549
142514601564179020112356250925842746314035943887435247905478676689411046212132129021387615276
0000002509258427463140359438874352479054786766894110462121321290200
0000002531261628433340364840714449503356787654934011184123571322100
1868 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base13341375139316581776217923702433252528073386354540804361484156568247941511529121901312514112
134813811481169719102243239124642619300034393723417445215113652086361012011749125021345414818
0000002391246426193000343937234174452151136520863610120117491250200
0000002412249427133193349239024267468153847383902610824119701281300
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: MS 61
Points: 4080
Owner: Whidbey Island Collection
 
Grade: AU 58 PL
Points: 3539
Owner: ASK123
 
View the Registry Image Gallery

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NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The auction prices realized listed in the NGC Auction Central are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. The auction data listed by NGC may occasionally contain typographical or input errors that can result in incorrect prices realized appearing on the NGC website. Therefore, the prices realized listed in NGC Auction Central are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and facts that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and – when appropriate – expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Auction Central. By using the NGC Auction Central, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the NGC Auction Central.