Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 138,618
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $216.42 (10/20/2019)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
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1854 $3 MS obverse 1854 $3 MS reverse
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Description & Analysis

February 21, 1853, was an important date in the history of American numismatics. Congress enacted legislation to reduce the weight of minor silver coinage, also authorizing the issuance of three dollar gold pieces. Section 7 of the Mint Act of that date read: 'And be it further enacted, that from time to time there shall be struck and coined at the Mint of the United States, and the branches thereof, conformably in all respects to law, and conformably in all respects to the standard of gold coins now established by law, a coin of gold of the value of three dollars, or units, and all the provisions of an act entitled 'An act to authorize the coinage of gold dollars and double eagles,' approved March third, eighteen hundred and forty nine, shall be applied to the coin herein authorized, so far as the same may be applicable, but the devices and shape of the three dollar piece shall be fixed by Secretary of the Treasury.'

The obverse features an Indian princess facing left, wearing a feathered headdress with a beaded band inscribed LIBERTY. Around is the statutory legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The reverse has an agricultural or cereal wreath enclosing the date and denomination. The letters in the denomination DOLLARS are smaller and shorter than the date digits, the only year where that occurred (and technically making this a one-year design subtype). James B. Longacre duplicated the design for this coinage issue, with the appropriate denomination change, for the new type of gold dollar.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 9/27/2019

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1854 $3 MS
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 465 565 650 1000 1150 1210 1280 1330 1460 1750 2125 2225 4000 6325 13700 29000 100000 185000 - -
$ - - - - 1700 - - 2750 4750 10000 - - - -

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Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 4267
Low Grade: G
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 67

The chart showing G series, VG series, F series, VF series, 40 series, 45 series, 50 series, 53 series, 55 series, 58 series, 60 series, 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 10/8/2019 1854 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base-31012679227422045995312983236927010288951---4264
-----------------------
----------5--316------15
-----------------------
Total-31012679227422045995313033236927310394951---4279
 -0 %0 %0 %2 %2 %6 %5 %11 %22 %30 %1 %9 %6 %2 %2 %0 %0 %0 %--- 
1854 $3 MS Prooflike
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base----------1-11--------3
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total----------1-11--------3
 ----------33 %-33 %33 %-------- 

Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
1/7/2000 PCGS MS 62   Heritage Auctions 2000 F.U.N. Signature Sale #218, 218/Lot# 7672 $2,587.50
9/26/2005 NGC AU 50   David Lawrence Rare Coins Internet-Only Auction #55, 60/Lot# 1234 $1,150.00
2/24/2009 PCGS AU 50   Heritage Auctions Tuesday Internet Coin Auction #29031, 29031/Lot# 23646 $1,150.00
5/29/2011 NGC Details VF Details  Heritage Auctions Internet Coin Auction Session(2), 131123/Lot# 29009 $488.75
2/29/2012 PCGS AU 58   Teletrade Auction 3234, 3234/Lot# 1908 $1,550.00
9/2/2012 NGC Details UNC Details  Goldberg September 2-5, 2012 The September 2-5, 2012, 70/Lot# 2044 $1,150.00
10/17/2012 NGC XF 45   Stack's Bowers The November 2012 Baltimore Auction - US and World Lots - Live and Internet Only Sessions, 144/Lot# 5434 $1,280.75
9/23/2013 PCGS AU 55   Bonhams Coins and Medals, 20992/Lot# 2072 $1,287.00
11/3/2013 PCGS Genuine VF   GreatCollections GreatCollections Coin Auctions 11/03/2013, 99/Lot# 149260 $550.00


NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1854 $3 MS Prooflike
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base333774108112841450160017941913207621782323264834743823478363249478119063041448884
33260876114813391500166418331967211022262431292335904143529673751028718075365700
000000150016641833196721102226243129233590414352967375102871807500
000000155017291873202121442274253931983706446358108426110962424400
1854 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base8589209851053112413751507162917831878201120942268269934273952551562489234120911657423131
87894110071076120714191547168018141922203821522411294136024473575972431018613585187590
000000154716801814192220382152241129413602447357597243101861358500
000000158817311846196620662210255531843777499460038238111381507900
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: MS 62
Points: 2699
Owner: Robert Baker Trust
 
Grade: MS 61
Points: 2268
Owner: hamitchell
 
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