Coin Specifications

Category: Seated Liberty Half Dollars (1839-1891)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 633,900
Obverse Designer: Christian Gobrecht
Reverse Designer: Christian Gobrecht
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 12.4400g
ASW: 0.3599oz
Melt Value: $8.36 (9/24/2020)
Diameter: 30.6mm
Edge: Reeded
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1870 50C MS obverse 1870 50C MS reverse
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Description & Analysis

Five years after the end of America's Civil War, the federal paper currency was still not trading at par with gold and silver coins, meaning that hard money remained nearly invisible within most of the nation. Only in the Far West did half dollar circulate freely, as paper money was shunned or even prohibited. Thus it was that the Philadelphia Mint coined only 633,900 1870 half dollars, and many of these were quickly exported for their bullion value or condemned to circulate in Canada or Latin America. It was in this year that the government of Canada began a program to expel the American issues and replace with its own new coinage.

The 1870(P) half dollar is slightly scarce in all grades, becoming much more so in grades XF and higher. Mint State survivors may number around a couple dozen, though a few are quite choice. The Wiley-Bugert book observes that some examples are weak at letters BER of LIBERTY.

Nine die marriages have been confirmed, these the product of seven each obverse and reverse dies used in multiple combinations. As was often the case for this coin series, the Philadelphia Mint utilized a wide variety of collar gauges. Four are known, these having 145, 146, 152 or 153 reeds, respectively.

A very minor repunched date variety is of little general interest but may be sought by series specialists.

GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 9/18/2020

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1870 50C MS
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 35.00 50.00 65.00 105 225 300 365 460 625 670 750 950 1610 2900 8100 13500 24000 - - -
$ - - - - - - - - - 4250 9850 - - -

NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The prices listed in the various NGC Price and Value Guides are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. Prices provided are averages, not specific prices for individual coins. Further, because these prices are only updated from time to time, they do not reflect short term pricing trends, which are quite common and are often quite dramatic, given the volatile nature of the collectible coin marketplace. This is especially true for rare coins, where there are fewer sales and greater variations in sale prices. For all of these reasons, the prices in these guides are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and factors that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and — when appropriate — expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Guides. By using the NGC Guides, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the Guides.

Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 93
Low Grade: VG
Average Grade: 53
High Grade: 67

The chart showing VG series, F series, VF series, 40 series, 45 series, 50 series, 53 series, 55 series, 58 series, 60 series, 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 9/22/2020 1870 50C MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base--3211101074715146443-1---92
-----------------------
----------------1-----1
-----------------------
Total--3211101074715146444-1---93
 --3%2%12%11%11%8%4%8%16%1%4%6%4%4%4%-1%--- 
1870 50C MS PL
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base-------------1--------1
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total-------------1--------1
 -------------100%-------- 

NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1870 50C MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base1021311942303366206637549001081127113451393147719693080437558599121143492278927615
1121522062654316346938039601144129613611421164123393512487069461086417162243980
000000693803960114412961361142116412339351248706946108641716200
0000007248511021120813201377144918052710394353648034126061997600
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: AU 58
Points: 1271
Owner: 123cents
 
Grade: XF 45
Points: 663
Owner: vpitman
 
View the Registry Image Gallery

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NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

NGC Auction Central Disclaimer

Disclaimer: The auction prices realized listed in the NGC Auction Central are compiled from a number of independent, third party sources in the numismatic community which NGC believes to be reliable. The auction data listed by NGC may occasionally contain typographical or input errors that can result in incorrect prices realized appearing on the NGC website. Therefore, the prices realized listed in NGC Auction Central are designed to serve merely as one of many measures and facts that coin buyers and sellers can use in determining coin values. These prices are not intended, and should not be relied upon, to replace the due diligence and – when appropriate – expert consultation that coin buyers and sellers should undertake when entering into a coin transaction. As such, NGC disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information contained in the NGC Auction Central. By using the NGC Auction Central, the user agrees that neither NGC nor any of its affiliates, shareholders, officers, employees or agents shall have any liability for any loss or damage of any kind, including without limitation any loss arising from reliance on the information contained in the NGC Auction Central.