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Massachusetts



Most of the American colonies were ruled by England, and their governments were run in accordance with charters granted by England's king. While a few of these charters permitted the colonial governments to manufacture coins, most did not. The first English colony to challenge this prohibition was Massachusetts Bay. In 1652 the colony of Massachusetts Bay established a mint in Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Colony's mint at Boston was run by John Hull, who was assisted by Robert Saunderson. Its output consisted mostly of silver shillings, coins valued at twelve pence. The Massachusetts Mint also produced smaller silver coins valued at six pence, three pence and two pence. Except for the twopence pieces, which were dated 1662, all of the coins minted at Boston carried the date 1652. Although a popular myth holds that the coins were dated 1652 to deceive the monarch into believing that the colony had ceased minting coins after he ascended to the throne, in reality the date almost certainly refers to the year that the Massachusetts Bay General Court authorized their production.

The mint's first silver shillings bore simply the letters NE (for New England) on the obverse and the values XII (12 in Roman numerals), VI (6) or III (3) on the reverse. Easily counterfeited or clipped, these coins were quickly replaced by ones featuring a tree on their obverse. Three styles of trees were used over the thirty years of production: a willow (1652-60), an oak (1660-67) and, most familiar of all, a pine (1667-82).

Coins in Category

(1652) 'NE' MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS (1652) 'NE' MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS (1652) 'NE' MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 WILLOW TREE MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS 1652 WILLOW TREE MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS 1652 WILLOW TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1662 SMALL 2 OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 2P MS 1662 LARGE 2 OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 2P MS 1652 NO 'IN' OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS 1652 'IN' OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS 1652 'IN'REV OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS 1652 'IN'OBV OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS 1652'IN'LEFT OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652'IN'BOT OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 'GHOST' OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 'ANDO' OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 SPINY OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 PELLETS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS 1652 NO PELS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 3P MS 1652 PELLETS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS 1652 NO PELS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 6P MS 1652 PELLETS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 NO PELS PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 NO 'H' PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 'N' REV PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 'NE'MON PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS 1652 SMALL PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS 1S MS c.1850 PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS- WYATT COPY 6P MS c.1850 OAK TREE MASSACHUSETTS- WYATT COPY 1S MS c.1850 PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS- WYATT COPY 2P MS c.1850 SILVER NEW ENGLAND - WYATT COPY 6P MS c.1850 PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS- WYATT COPY 3P MS c.1850 SILVER NEW ENGLAND - WYATT COPY 1S MS c.1850 SILVER GOOD SAMARITAN 1S MS c1850 SILVER OAK TREE GOOD SAMARITAN 1S MS (Pre-1911) SILVER NEW ENGLAND IMITATION 6P MS (After 1746) PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS IMITATION 1S c.1958 PINE TREE MASSACHUSETTS IMITATION 1S MS

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