Coin Specifications

Category: Indian Cents (1859-1909)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 36,400,000
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Copper-Nickel
Weight: 4.6700g
Diameter: 19mm
Edge: Plain
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1859 1C MS obverse 1859 1C MS reverse
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Description & Analysis

The production of cents was quite high in 1859, as the Mint sought to fully retire the old coppers, as well as the assorted foreign coins that had been legal tender in the USA until 1857.

Appearing first as a series of pattern coins dated 1858, the new design which debuted in 1859 was well received by the public. More importantly, perhaps, is that it struck up better than the troublesome Eagle Cents. James B. Longacre had been careful to avoid placing the main design elements directly opposite one another on obverse and reverse, and this facilitated the smooth flow of planchet metal into the die cavities.

This issue is common in all grades short of MS-65, and it is especially popular with type collectors due to the fact that the wreath employed in 1859 was replaced for 1860, making this a one-year-only design. The wreath did, however, find a new life 15 years later on the copper-nickel three-cent piece.

Several die-punching varieties are known for this date, and the most popular ones have been included in The Cherrypickers' Guide to Rare Die Varieties. NGC recognized the three listed at left under its VarietyPlus Service.

GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 5/9/2016

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1859 1C MS
  GVGFVFXF505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 14.00 18.00 25.00 45.00 110 180 200 230 240 280 340 510 800 1600 3700 8850 34500 - - -
$ - - - - 250 - 375 550 950 1850 4400 24500 - -

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Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 2333
Low Grade: PrAg
Average Grade: 60
High Grade: 67

The chart showing PrAg series, G series, VG series, F series, VF series, 40 series, 45 series, 50 series, 53 series, 55 series, 58 series, 60 series, 61 series, 62 series, 63 series, 64 series, 65 series, 66 series, 67 series.
NGC CENSUS DETAIL Last Updated: 12/10/2018 1859 1C MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base67131410213119198841301809103268342491152101---2332
-----------------------
--------------121-----4
-----------------------
Total67131410213119198841301809103268343493153101---2336
 0 %0 %1 %1 %4 %6 %8 %4 %4 %6 %8 %0 %4 %11 %15 %21 %7 %0 %0 %--- 
1859 1C MS Prooflike
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970Total
Base--------------1-------1
-----------------------
-----------------------
-----------------------
Total--------------1-------1
 --------------100 %------- 

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Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
9/3/2007 NGC MS 64   David Lawrence Rare Coins Monday - Internet Auction # 174, 180/Lot# 45 $954.50
1/30/2011 PCGS MS 63   Goldberg January 30 - February 3, 2011 The Pre-Long Beach Coin and Currency Auction, 62/Lot# 1040 $529.00
11/7/2011 NGC MS 65   Heritage Auctions 2011 November 7-9 US Coins Signature Auction - Beverly Hills Session(1), 1161/Lot# 3046 $2,530.00
8/26/2012 PCGS AU 58   Teletrade Auction 3335, 3335/Lot# 1040 $230.00
3/11/2013 PCGS MS 63   Teletrade Auction 3421, 3421/Lot# 1045 $525.00
1/12/2014 PCGS Genuine AU   GreatCollections GreatCollections Coin Auctions 01/12/2014, 180/Lot# 164105 $106.70
6/27/2014 PCGS MS 64   Stack's Bowers June 2014 Baltimore, 6021/Lot# 1191 $1,057.50
4/27/2016 PCGS MS 65   Heritage Auctions 2016 April 27 - May 1 CSNS US Coins Signature Auction - Chicago Session(2), 1234/Lot# 3740 $5,640.00


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