Coin Specifications

Category: Early American – Pre-Declaration (1616-1775)
Mint: Royal Mint (?)
Composition: Silver
Diameter: 21mm
Link to this coin

c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 6P MS obverse c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 6P MS reverse


  
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VarietyPlus®

There are no NGC varieties for this coin.

Description & Analysis

Researcher Michael Hodder has cataloged two obverse dies and four reverse dies used to strike Lord Baltimore Maryland Sixpence. These were used to strike five distinct varieties in silver. The British Museum also contains lone copper examples of three of these varieties (Hodder 1-A/Whitman-1030, Hodder 2-B/Whitman-1052 and Hodder 2-C/Whitman-1062).

Collectors who wish to acquire an example of the Lord Baltimore Maryland coinage will find the sixpence to be the most available denomination.

The Lord Baltimore Maryland coinage was ordered by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, who in 1632 received a charter from King Charles I of England to establish the new colony of Maryland. This charter gave Calvert near lyequal authority to the monarch in the territory, including the right to strike coins.

On October 16, 1659, Cecil Calvert sent a letter to his brother Philip Calvert in Maryland along with samples of a new “Maryland money” that he intended to circulate in the colony. The Maryland Assembly initially resisted, but on April 17, 1661, an act was passed that authorized the establishment of a mint to strike coins. The following year, an act was passed that required every taxable person in Maryland to exchange 60 pounds of tobacco for 10 shillings of the new coins.

Although the Maryland Assembly’s act of 1661 authorized a mint in the colony, it is believed that all of the Lord Baltimore Maryland coinage was struck in England, most likely at the Royal Mint.

GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

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Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 8
Low Grade: 40
Average Grade: 50
High Grade: 62


Upcoming Auctions


Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
2/24/2003 PCGS AU 58   Goldberg February 24-25, 2003 Coin Auction, 17/Lot# 7 $10,925.00
4/16/2008 NGC XF 45   Heritage Auctions 2008 April Rosemont, IL (CSNS) Signature Coin Auction #1104, 1104/Lot# 2216 $10,350.00
2/22/2013 PCGS VF 35   Stack's Bowers The March 2013 Baltimore Auction, 181/Lot# 3 $14,100.00
8/5/2014 PCGS XF 45   Heritage Auctions 2014 August 5, 7 & 9 ANA US Coins Signature Auction - Chicago Session(4), 1208/Lot# 5502 $18,800.00
1/7/2015 NGC AU 58   Heritage Auctions 2015 January 7 - 12 FUN US Coins Signature Auction - Orlando Session(4), 1216/Lot# 5623 $35,250.00
1/7/2015 NGC Details AU Details  Heritage Auctions 2015 January 7 - 12 FUN US Coins Signature Auction - Orlando Session(4), 1216/Lot# 5622 $37,600.00
3/26/2015 PCGS AU 53   Stack's Bowers March 2015 Baltimore, 6065/Lot# 2453 $23,500.00


NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 6P MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base2124226827543817515860896820743175827731788180338460890393629840103351084811380119311285116046
2172243031084264546863337024748176327781793281758608905695211000510506110251156412238139160
000000702474817632778179328175860890569521100051050611025115641223800
000000722775327681783179828318875592099681101701067711203117471254400
Competitive Registry Sets
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: AU 50
Points: 7431
Owner: AKSHCC
 
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