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  1. The skill sets of Frank Gasparro (1909 - 2001) was constantly being refined and improved. In creating "his reverse design" of the Kennedy Appreciation Medal, it further improved his acumen in implementing the presidential seal in a larger scale and as a primary design element. My 3 points are in bold and underlined in the previous sentence. Frank Gasparro as an artistian/designer implements his rendition of the presidential seal adhering to the 1945 seal (with the 1959 and 1960 changes) as defined by Executive Order 9646, 10823, and 10860. I'm not sure what your intent of referencing the 1850 "document seal", as the 1960 version of the presidential seal is what Mr. Gasparro adhered to as required by law. Points 4 and 5 are in bold and underlined in this paragraph. Now if you focus my 5 points with the Executive Order 10860 presidential seal, is this not a precursor design when you consider that the 1962 Kennedy Appreciation medal predates the 1964 Kennedy half-dollar and both created by Frank Gasparro? I see 50 stars on both designs and not on 1850 document seal...
  2. 1 and 7 in the date can be seen as repunched on the 1997 Princess Kaiulani 1/10 oz gold Hapaumi. This is the second repunched date I found in the Princess Kaiulani issues by the Royal Hawaiian Mint. My previous find was the 1996 Princess Kaiulani 1/4 oz gold Hapaha.
  3. If you Google the term "special government medal" or "sGm" or "special medals for US government agencies" your search result relating to the Bureau of the Mint or United States Mint will be empty. However, if you search the term "POTUS sGm" you will get a hit to my website (discusses a particular type of "special government medal" of which I have ongoing research). This empty search result points out that these common terms are unused and uncommon term within the US numismatic community. However, if you review each of the Annual Reports of the Director of the Mint (if you have the time) you will see this term is used often to describe a function of the Bureau of the Mint/United States Mint. What is a "special government medal (sGm)"? The term "special medals for US government agencies" relates to the third official manufacturing function of the Bureau of the Mint/United States Mint. The three blog images provides an introduction to this third official manufacturing function of the Bureau of the Mint/United States Mint. The final image with the examples of "special government medals" drives the point of this blog entry. There is no numismatic work that identifies nor catalogs all results from the third official manufacturing function of the Bureau of the Mint (or United States Mint). The final images also provides evidence of the connection between the Bureau of the Mint and multiple United States Government agencies with Frank Gasparro as the common thread as the designer of these three represented "special Government medals".
  4. I just submitted a US copyright on an article discussing a research find I made. For those who are familiar with my discovery models, this find adds a new piece of knowledge to the King Kalakaua 1 Coronation Medal knowledge domain.Background:The 1882 dated King Kalakaua 1 coronation medal has befuddled Hawaiian numismatics for decades due to its unknown mintage, designer and manufacturer. This medal is identified as:2RM-9 (Hawaiian Money Standard Catalog 1991 Second Edition by Donald Medcalf & Ronald Russell)RM-7 (Hawaiian Moeny Standard catalog 1978 First Edition by Donald Medcalf & Ronald Russell)108 (Hawaiian Coins, Tokens and Paper Money1961 Revised Second Edition by Maurice and Kenneth Bressett)9A (Hawaiian Money and Medals 1967 by Gordon Medcalf and Robert Fong)Research Find:My research has identified the designer and manufacturer, but not the mintage of the 1882 dated King Kalakaua 1 coronation medal. Hawaii specialist know that this medal is rare, especially in uncirculated grades.Attached are the first two pages of the copyrighted article. The key items of the research Intellectual Property (IP) has been redacted, but one partial image reveals an exact description of the 1882 dated King Kalakaua 1 coronation medal. This is the key piece of knowledge that is part of this "research discovery". One last thing, a new metal composition of 2RM-9 has been discovered !!!!.
  5. Within the book Hawaiian Money, 2nd Edition, by Medcalf & Russell (book listed in NGC US Coin Reference, American Overseas Territories), a series of private mint issues from The Hawaiian Mint (THM), aka Royal Hawaiian Mint (RHM), are cataloged. Several of the original issues are not listed as per the official RHM database (it's a spreadsheet provided by the RHM documenting its issues, mintages, and specialized notes). This spreadsheet is titled Waifs in Gold Boots which was produced by the RHM and was made available to the public at their website. Unfortunately, the RHM removed it years ago. Several advance Hawaii collectors have been sharing the original Waifs in Gold Boots spreadsheet. Knowledge is power in collectables. I have been refreshing/updating a personal copy and calling it Waifs in Gold Boots Rev A. (don't ask, I will not share it). However, I made an educational video to share how to identify the Type 1 - small blemish (as defined in Hawaiian Money, 2nd Edition) issues. Waifs in Gold Boots calls the blemish a "welt". The following video shows the "welt". The medal shown is unlisted in Hawaiian Money, 2nd Edition. The medal obverse is 2MB-1 and reverse is 2MB-5 (using the Hawaiian Money, 2nd Edition identifiers). The medal is listed in Waifs in Gold Boots. As an interesting note, the "Earth Symbols" reverse design (2MB-5) is partially used on the infamous 1998 NORFED Dollar (image shown in this journal entry).
  6. Back in the year 2014, I made an inquiry to NGC Support about the grading/encapsulation of medals listed in their listed numismatic bibliography titled Hawaiian Money, 2nd Edition, by Medcalf and Russell. My "coin club" medals were rejected (see images). I now see that Hawaii related coin club medals (Maui coin Club and Hawaii State Numismatic Association (HSNA))are now being graded! (see image below) Great!!! I made this video about a year ago related to my completed Maui Coin Club silver medal set. Enjoy!
  7. This is related to Hawaii !!! NOTE: You can tell the writing style difference of an author's journal entry by the subject matter. On one hand you get regurgitation of previously documented information or what one owns. It's OK, but not exciting or groundbreaking. On the other hand you get thought provoking or I did not know this with a dumbfoundedness result. I hope I'm in the later category. Bernard von NotHaus was one of the co-founders of The Hawaiian Mint, which evolved into the Royal Hawaiian Mint, and he got into a heap of trouble with the US Government with his National Organization For the Repeal of the Federal Reserve Act (NORFED) coinage and currency. As a Hawaiiana numismatist, I must cover all numismatic aspects related to the Hawaiian Islands. The original NORFED Liberty dollars is such a coin. It's listed in World Price Guide at the NGC website: Waifs in Gold Boots, a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, was created by the Royal Hawaiian Mint to document their issues. This spreadsheet was in the public domain at one point. Anyway, listed in this spreadsheet are three design elements that tell the story of the 1998 NORFED Libery dollar. This is a must have reference for Hawaiiana numismatist. Note the mintage (column J) and other key numismatic information! The image below is a visual of my original research finding. (I used a silver specimen of the 1975 Kamehameha issue with the "EARTH" design) As you can plainly see, the incorporation of design elements to form the original 1998 NORFED Liberty dollar came from previous issues of the The Hawaiian Mint/Royal Hawaiian Mint. This research would make a splendid exhibit, along with the controversy of this first 1998 NORFED issue. I was in a state of dumbfoundedness when I first discovered this and the first to document this find in my personal blog a few years ago. Finally, the mintage of the 1998 Liberty Dollar X# 201 is 150 specimens (which is not documented anywhere , except in Waifs in Gold Boots).
  8. This is not a Hawaii related entry. The images of two pages below are from the US Mint (as you can see, Frank Gasparro has signed and dated the upper right on the first page). Item 1 and 2 in the document - Calls out US Mint's Presidential inaugural medal design (obverse and reverse) are to be used on the proposed half dollar. Note: For proper visualization, I added a image of the reverse in this blog. The presidential seal is in a reduced state. Item 3 in the document - Frank Gasparro indicates he has previous experience with implementing the reverse design (presidential seal) Item 4 in the document (2nd page) - Explains his many experiences and techniques he implemented in the reverse design. Conclusion: There was no way that the US Mint's Presidential inaugural medal design was the primary source for the reverse design of the Kennedy half dollar (as many half dollar collectors believe). Frank Gasparro indicated that "This seal was the culmination of many experiences with the study and execution of the American eagle in medallic work", which means he worked on the presidential seal before as a primary design element. It just happens that the Class 5 Kennedy POTUS sGm has a large presidential seal with the placement of his "FG" initials similarly located (under the right leg of the eagle) on both the Class 5 Kennedy POTUS sGm and Kennedy half dollar. And just to bring out another point, the US Mint's President Johnson inaugural medal design features another presidential seal by Frank Gasparro (this time his "FG" initials is above the right leg of the eagle).
  9. This is not a Hawaiian related entry.... In all accounts, the true precursor design of the reverse side of the Kennedy half dollar is from the Class 5 Kennedy President of the United States (POTUS) special Government medal (sGm). You have to remember that this Class 5 medal was struck while President Kennedy was still alive. The precursor proof is the placement of the designer's initial "FG" (Frank Gasparro) in a familiar position (see video at time 1:38). This was one of the most interesting historical facts I uncovered in my research.
  10. This blog entry is not Hawaiian related.... While performing research on my book on the I tracked down the dual torch design of Frank Gasparro (I previously shared this research find at another numismatic website and wanted to share it here). In the image: Left is the obverse of a Class 2 Eisenhower President of the United States (POTUS) special Government medal (sGm) with the dual torch by Frank Gasparro and manufactured by the Bureau of the Mint in 1960. Middle is the reverse of the President Kennedy inauguration medal with the dual torch by Frank Gasparro and manufactured by the Bureau of the Mint in 1961. Right is the reverse of the General MacArthur congressional gold medal with dual torch by Frank Gasparro and manufactured by the Bureau of the Mint in 1962. Imagine that! Mr. Gasparro used the dual torch design in consecutive years (1960, 1961, and 1962) on three medal types (special Government medal, inauguration medal, and a congressional medal). If you interested in what is a POTUS sGm, visit the website link above.
  11. Perhaps a new numismatic collecting category is required? Blunder collecting... As it can be explained, a few intact specimens slipped by the manufacturer who eagerly holed-out the "49" as to remove the obvious timing blunder as Alaska became the 49th state. This is not an error. It's an unfortunate timing of the Alaska statehood event when this SCD was struck. Actually, SCD HK-722A can be claimed as a specimen from the Territory of Hawaii period (and while the US had only 48 states). Why does the NGC census reflect a population of 4 for So Called Dollar (SCD) HK-722A? NGC does not grade holed specimens, but rather pushes them into the NGC DETAILS realm. Hence the low population of intact HK-722A in the NGC census. I enjoy seeing newbie collector faces when I tell them this specimen is from the alternate reality of the United States of which Hawaii was the 49th state and Alaska was never a state...
  12. When I saw the Hawaii Uniface SCD HK-537 being offered for sale I jumped at the chance to own it. I've look hard and far to have one in my collection. This well known dealer convinced my to purchase the Alaska Uniface SCD HK-536 in order to keep them as a pair. It was good that I listened to him. These two medals are currently the only pair graded by NGC (or any other TPG company).
  13. What is a Coin of Hawaii?

    From my website : Hawaiiana numismatics, it is the study and/or collecting of coins, tokens, medals, paper money, scrip, and objects that have a relationship with Hawaii. Most items that are collected have a design or text related to Hawaii. The Hawaiian relationship may be in a form of its landscape; its cultures, its people, its industry, its events, its language, its customs, its celebrities, etc… Hawaiiana numismatics is very diverse. As some collectors call it an esoteric area. Others call it back of the book collecting. As I can attest to it, diversity is the spice of life. How diverse? Hawaiiana numismatics has several cross-over areas that touch other collecting specialties: SCD, SC50C, Alaska, WWII, Kingdom of Hawaii coins, US commemorative half dollars, Liberty Dollars (i.e. NORFED), saloon tokens, railroad tokens, plantation tokens, amusement tokens, bakery tokens, commercial tokens, dairy tokens, military tokens, school tokens, transportation tokens, elongated tokens, encased tokens, commemorative medals, ingot, royal medals, etc.. Presidential artifact can now be added to this list....
  14. In the originally presented diagrams. The black circle is the salt shaker. The blue triangle is the grain of salt. If the diagrams were animated. The blue triangle would rise upward from the black circle to reflect an increase of the knowledge domain. 2016 © All Rights Reserved POTUS sGm
  15. A Venn diagram is not appropriate. Imagine if you will. A salt shaker is the entire knowledge base of Kennedy half-dollars. I, as Kennedy half-dollar collector, discover and document a new DDO. In essence, I added a grain of salt to the salt shaker. The salt shaker grew by a salt grain. The knowledge base of Kennedy half-dollars was increased. This is where the fun starts. collectors/numismatists are searching for grains of salt to add to the salt shaker, thus being the discoverer of a specific piece of knowledge that contributed/expanded the entire knowledge base of Kennedy half-dollars. Now image that a salt shaker has never existed for POTUS sGm for over 5 decades. A person comes along and creates a new salt shaker, thus establishing a US numismatic medal series. This person then adds more gains of salt (mintage, designer, purpose). Is this person the discoverer of an entire US Mint series? Yes! The salt shaker was never formed by the US Mint. It took a numismatist to create the salt shaker. 2016 © All Rights Reserved POTUS sGm