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VarietyPlus » Braided Hair Cents (1839-1857)

Braided Hair Cents (1839-1857)

The copper cents of 1793-1857 were the first United States coins to attract the attention of collectors in this country. Hobbyists both casual and serious were assembling date sets by the mid-19th Century, and this activity grew exponentially after the series’ demise in 1857. By that time numismatists had become aware of the many varieties that resulted from the use of hand tools in completing each die, and large cents were also the first United States coins to be sought extensively by varieties. A number of books and monographs were published over the years describing and classifying these varieties, though all have since been superseded by the references named below.

While the number of persons collecting large cents by date has likely declined in favor of type collecting, the intensity and competition among variety specialists has grown steadily. The traditional favorites remain the early cents of 1793-1814, but the middle dates of 1816-39 now command much greater attention than in previous generations. Due to greater standardization in the die sinking process after 1839, the late dates through 1857 are far more difficult to attribute by varieties, and this has limited their popularity to the most dedicated and patient of collectors. Still, the rare varieties are prized, particularly in the higher grades.

NGC will assign Newcomb (N) numbers to all cents from 1839 through 1857. Howard Newcomb’s numbers begin anew with each date. In other words, the first variety for each date is N-1, followed by N-2, N-3, etc. While Newcomb’s numbering system is still employed, the standard attribution guide for this series is the book by John R. Grellman, Jr.

NOTE: Because the distinguishing points of the dies used to make these coins are extremely subtle, it is very difficult to attribute examples grading less than VF-20. Submitters are asked to keep this in mind when selecting coins for variety attribution.



Denom.MS/PFDateFee*NGC Label
1CMS1839 PETITE HEAD-N-8
1CMS1840 SMALL DATE-
1CMS1840 SM/LG 8 SMALL DATE$15N-2
1CMS1840 SMALL DATE$15N-1
1CMS1840 SMALL DATE$15N-3
1CMS1840 SMALL DATE$15N-4
1CMS1840 SMALL DATE$15N-12
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE-
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-5
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-6
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-7
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-8
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-9
1CMS1840 LARGE DATE$15N-10
1CMS1841 $15N-2
1CMS1841 $15N-3
1CMS1841 $15N-4
1CMS1841 $15N-5
1CMS1841 $15N-6
1CMS1841 $15N-7
1CMS1842 SMALL DATE-
1CMS1842 SMALL DATE$15N-1
1CMS1842 SMALL DATE$15N-2
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE-
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-3
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-4
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-5
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-6
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-7
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-8
1CMS1842 LARGE DATE$15N-9
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT-
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-2
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-3
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-8
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-9
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-10
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-11
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-12
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-15
1CMS1843 PETITE HEAD LG LT-N-4
1CMS1843 MATURE HEAD-
1CMS1843 MATURE HEAD$15N-5
1CMS1843 MATURE HEAD$15N-6
1CMS1843 MATURE HEAD$15N-16
1CMS1843 MATURE HEAD$15N-17
1CMS1844/INV 184 -N-2
1CMS1844 $15N-1
1CMS1844 $15N-3
1CMS1844 $15N-4
1CMS1844 $15N-5
1CMS1844 $15N-6
1CMS1844 $15N-7
1CMS1845 $15N-1
1CMS1845 $15N-2
1CMS1845 $15N-3
1CMS1845 $15N-4
1CMS1845 $15N-5
1CMS1845 $15N-6
1CMS1845 $15N-7
1CMS1845 $15N-8
1CMS1845 $15N-9
1CMS1845 $15N-10
1CMS1845 $15N-11
1CMS1845 $15N-12
1CMS1845 $15N-13
1CMS1845 $15N-15
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE-
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-1
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-2
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-3
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-4
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-5
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-6
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-7
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-8
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-9
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-10
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-15
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-17
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-18
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-19
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-20
1CMS1846 SMALL DATE$15N-21
1CMS1846 MEDIUM DATE-N-11
1CMS1846 TALL DATE-
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-12
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-13
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-14
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-16
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-23
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-25
1CMS1846 TALL DATE$15N-26
1CMS1847/7 -
1CMS1847 LG/SM 7$15N-2
1CMS1847 LG/SM 7$15N-31
1CMS1847 LG/MED 7$15N-18
1CMS1847 $15N-1
1CMS1847 $15N-3
1CMS1847 $15N-4
1CMS1847 $15N-5
1CMS1847 $15N-6
1CMS1847 $15N-7
1CMS1847 $15N-8
1CMS1847 $15N-10
1CMS1847 $15N-11
1CMS1847 $15N-12
1CMS1847 $15N-13
1CMS1847 $15N-14
1CMS1847 $15N-15
1CMS1847 $15N-19
1CMS1847 $15N-20
1CMS1847 $15N-21
1CMS1847 $15N-22
1CMS1847 $15N-23
1CMS1847 $15N-24
1CMS1847 $15N-26
1CMS1847 $15N-27
1CMS1847 $15N-28
1CMS1847 $15N-29
1CMS1847 $15N-30
1CMS1847 $15N-32
1CMS1847 $15N-34
1CMS1847 $15N-35
1CMS1847 $15N-36
1CMS1847 $15N-37
1CMS1847 $15N-38
1CMS1847 $15N-39
1CMS1847 $15N-41
1CMS1847 $15N-43
1CMS1848 $15N-1
1CMS1848 $15N-2
1CMS1848 $15N-3
1CMS1848 $15N-4
1CMS1848 $15N-5
1CMS1848 $15N-6
1CMS1848 $15N-7
1CMS1848 $15N-8
1CMS1848 $15N-9
1CMS1848 $15N-10
1CMS1848 $15N-11
1CMS1848 $15N-12
1CMS1848 $15N-13
1CMS1848 $15N-14
1CMS1848 $15N-15
1CMS1848 $15N-16
1CMS1848 $15N-17
1CMS1848 $15N-18
1CMS1848 $15N-20
1CMS1848 $15N-21
1CMS1848 $15N-22
1CMS1848 $15N-23
1CMS1848 $15N-24
1CMS1848 $15N-25
1CMS1848 $15N-26
1CMS1848 $15N-27
1CMS1848 $15N-28
1CMS1848 $15N-29
1CMS1848 $15N-30
1CMS1848 $15N-31
1CMS1848 $15N-32
1CMS1848 $15N-33
1CMS1848 $15N-34
1CMS1848 $15N-35
1CMS1848 $15N-36
1CMS1848 $15N-37
1CMS1848 $15N-38
1CMS1848 $15N-39
1CMS1848 $15N-40
1CMS1848 $15N-41
1CMS1848 $15N-42
1CMS1848 $15N-44
1CMS1849 $15N-1
1CMS1849 $15N-2
1CMS1849 $15N-3
1CMS1849 $15N-4
1CMS1849 $15N-5
1CMS1849 $15N-7
1CMS1849 $15N-8
1CMS1849 $15N-9
1CMS1849 $15N-10
1CMS1849 $15N-11
1CMS1849 $15N-12
1CMS1849 $15N-13
1CMS1849 $15N-14
1CMS1849 $15N-16
1CMS1849 $15N-17
1CMS1849 $15N-19
1CMS1849 $15N-20
1CMS1849 $15N-21
1CMS1849 $15N-22
1CMS1849 $15N-23
1CMS1849 $15N-24
1CMS1849 $15N-25
1CMS1849 $15N-26
1CMS1849 $15N-27
1CMS1849 $15N-28
1CMS1849 $15N-29
1CMS1849 $15N-30
1CMS1850 $15N-1
1CMS1850 $15N-2
1CMS1850 $15N-3
1CMS1850 $15N-4
1CMS1850 $15N-5
1CMS1850 $15N-6
1CMS1850 $15N-7
1CMS1850 $15N-9
1CMS1850 $15N-11
1CMS1850 $15N-12
1CMS1850 $15N-13
1CMS1850 $15N-14
1CMS1850 $15N-15
1CMS1850 $15N-17
1CMS1850 $15N-18
1CMS1850 $15N-19
1CMS1850 $15N-20
1CMS1850 $15N-21
1CMS1850 $15N-22
1CMS1850 $15N-23
1CMS1850 $15N-24
1CMS1850 $15N-25
1CMS1850 $15N-26
1CMS1850 $15N-27
1CMS1850 $15N-28
1CMS1851/INV 18 -N-3
1CMS1851 $15N-1
1CMS1851 $15N-2
1CMS1851 $15N-4
1CMS1851 $15N-5
1CMS1851 $15N-6
1CMS1851 $15N-7
1CMS1851 $15N-8
1CMS1851 $15N-9
1CMS1851 $15N-10
1CMS1851 $15N-12
1CMS1851 $15N-13
1CMS1851 $15N-14
1CMS1851 $15N-15
1CMS1851 $15N-16
1CMS1851 $15N-17
1CMS1851 $15N-18
1CMS1851 $15N-19
1CMS1851 $15N-20
1CMS1851 $15N-21
1CMS1851 $15N-22
1CMS1851 $15N-23
1CMS1851 $15N-24
1CMS1851 $15N-25
1CMS1851 $15N-26
1CMS1851 $15N-27
1CMS1851 $15N-29
1CMS1851 $15N-30
1CMS1851 $15N-31
1CMS1851 $15N-33
1CMS1851 $15N-34
1CMS1851 $15N-35
1CMS1851 $15N-36
1CMS1851 $15N-37
1CMS1851 $15N-38
1CMS1851 $15N-39
1CMS1851 $15N-40
1CMS1851 $15N-41
1CMS1851 $15N-42
1CMS1851 $15N-43
1CMS1851 $15N-44
1CMS1851 $15N-45
1CMS1852 $15N-1
1CMS1852 $15N-3
1CMS1852 $15N-4
1CMS1852 $15N-5
1CMS1852 $15N-6
1CMS1852 $15N-7
1CMS1852 $15N-8
1CMS1852 $15N-10
1CMS1852 $15N-11
1CMS1852 $15N-12
1CMS1852 $15N-14
1CMS1852 $15N-15
1CMS1852 $15N-16
1CMS1852 $15N-17
1CMS1852 $15N-18
1CMS1852 $15N-20
1CMS1852 $15N-21
1CMS1852 $15N-22
1CMS1852 $15N-23
1CMS1853 $15N-1
1CMS1853 $15N-2
1CMS1853 $15N-3
1CMS1853 $15N-4
1CMS1853 $15N-5
1CMS1853 $15N-6
1CMS1853 $15N-7
1CMS1853 $15N-8
1CMS1853 $15N-9
1CMS1853 $15N-10
1CMS1853 $15N-11
1CMS1853 $15N-12
1CMS1853 $15N-13
1CMS1853 $15N-14
1CMS1853 $15N-15
1CMS1853 $15N-16
1CMS1853 $15N-17
1CMS1853 $15N-18
1CMS1853 $15N-19
1CMS1853 $15N-20
1CMS1853 $15N-21
1CMS1853 $15N-22
1CMS1853 $15N-23
1CMS1853 $15N-24
1CMS1853 $15N-25
1CMS1853 $15N-26
1CMS1853 $15N-27
1CMS1853 $15N-28
1CMS1853 $15N-29
1CMS1853 $15N-30
1CMS1853 $15N-31
1CMS1853 $15N-32
1CMS1853 $15N-33
1CMS1854 $15N-1
1CMS1854 $15N-2
1CMS1854 $15N-3
1CMS1854 $15N-4
1CMS1854 $15N-5
1CMS1854 $15N-6
1CMS1854 $15N-7
1CMS1854 $15N-8
1CMS1854 $15N-9
1CMS1854 $15N-10
1CMS1854 $15N-11
1CMS1854 $15N-12
1CMS1854 $15N-13
1CMS1854 $15N-14
1CMS1854 $15N-16
1CMS1854 $15N-17
1CMS1854 $15N-18
1CMS1854 $15N-19
1CMS1854 $15N-20
1CMS1854 $15N-21
1CMS1854 $15N-22
1CMS1854 $15N-23
1CMS1854 $15N-24
1CMS1854 $15N-25
1CMS1854 $15N-26
1CMS1854 $15N-27
1CMS1854 $15N-28
1CMS1854 $15N-29
1CMS1854 $15N-30
1CMS1855 SLANTED 55-
1CMS1855 KNOB EAR$15N-9
1CMS1855 SLANTED 55$15N-10
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55-
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-1
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-2
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-3
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-4
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-5
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-6
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-7
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-8
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-12
1CMS1855 UPRIGHT 55$15N-13
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5-
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-1
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-2
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-3
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-4
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-13
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-14
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-16
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-17
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-18
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-19
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-21
1CMS1856 SLANTED 5$15N-22
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5-
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-6
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-7
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-8
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-9
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-10
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-11
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-12
1CMS1856 UPRIGHT 5$15N-20
1CMS1857 LARGE DATE-N-1
1CMS1857 SMALL DATE-
1CMS1857 SMALL DATE$15N-2
1CMS1857 SMALL DATE$15N-4
1CPF1840 SM/LG 8 SMALL DATE$15N-2
1CPF1841 $15N-1
1CPF1843 PETITE HEAD SM LT$15N-14
1CPF1844 $15N-8
1CPF1845 $15N-14
1CPF1846 SMALL DATE$15N-22
1CPF1846 TALL DATE$15N-24
1CPF1848 $15N-19
1CPF1849 $15N-18
1CPF1852 $15N-24
1CPF1854 $15N-12
1CPF1855 SLANTED 55$15N-10
1CPF1855 SLANTED 55$15N-11
1CPF1856 LARGE -
1CPF1856 SLANTED 5$15N-5
1CPF1857 LARGE -
1CPF1857 SMALL DATE$15N-3
1CPF1857 SMALL DATE$15N-5


* In order to have the above varieties requiring the $15 fee designated by NGC, VarietyPlus service must be requested at time of grading. VarietyPlus service is also available for coins already encapsulated by NGC. For coins where the fee column is blank, no VarietyPlus charge is required to have your coin designated during grading. For coins marked $15, a $15 surcharge applies to the tier fee during grading, or a $15 fee applies to have the VarietyPlus designation added to any coin already graded and encapsulated by NGC.
References:
Grellman, John R., Jr. The Die Varieties of United States Large Cents 1840-1857. M & G Publications, 2001
Newcomb, Howard R. United States Copper Cents 1816-1857. Quarterman Publications, Lawrence, MA, 1981