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VarietyPlus » Peace Dollar Die Varieties (1921-1935)

Peace Dollar Die Varieties (1921-1935)

In 1921, as the replacing of silver dollars melted under the Pittman Act began, veterans groups and the American Numismatic Association petitioned Congress for a new type commemorating the end of World War I. This led to an invitational design competition won by Anthony de Francisci. His adopted models feature a youthful, radiate bust of Liberty on the obverse, while the reverse is dominated by an eagle perched atop a mountain peak with the rays of a rising sun in the background. The only indication that this coin is commemorative in nature is the simple word PEACE at the bottom of the reverse.

All of the 1921 Peace Dollars were in the high relief submitted by de Francisci, but these proved so destructive to the dies that U. S. Mint Chief Engraver George Morgan drastically reduced the relief for the coins of 1922 and all subsequent years. Coinage of Peace Dollars was heavy for the first few years, gradually tapering off until the silver purchased under the Pittman Act was finally exhausted in 1928. Coinage resumed in 1934-35 using silver provided by the Thomas Amendment to the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933.

Relatively few of the Peace silver dollars from either emission actually circulated, their place being taken by the more popular and convenient silver certificates. When the language appearing on these circulating notes permitted them to be redeemed simply "in silver," rather than in "silver dollars," coining of the latter ceased. The Peace Dollars dated 1964-D were never issued and were destroyed shortly thereafter.

Peace Dollars include no rarities, and most dates are readily available in mint state condition. The sole exception is the 1934-S Peace Dollar, which is common in worn grades but relatively scarce uncirculated. Perhaps the combination of seeming commonness and high face value discouraged collecting the Peace Dollar series by date and mint varieties, and collectors generally ignored them until the 1960s. While the Treasury silver dollar hoard dispersed during the 1970s had little impact on the availability of Peace Dollars, it led to a general increase in silver dollar collecting from which the Peace series ultimately benefited. Peace Dollars are widely collected by date and mint varieties, though they are still second in popularity to Morgan Dollars.

A number of interesting Peace Dollar varieties were identified by Leroy Van Allen and A. George Mallis in their encyclopedia, but they've received less attention than the Morgan Dollar varieties. The TOP-50 book by Oxman and Close has brought the best of these Peace Dollar varieties to light, and their popularity is certain to increase in the coming years.

NGC will attribute all Van Allen/Mallis (VAM) Peace Dollar varieties included within the TOP-50. No other VAM varieties are attributed by NGC at this time. Small and Large mintmark Peace Dollar varieties of the 1934-D issues are also recognized under VarietyPlus.

Access to the detailed pages of the Peace Dollar die varieties you see below is part of NGC Collectors Society membership. Die variety detail pages contain population information as well as NGC database images for available Peace dollar varieties.

NGC also provides information on other dollar varieties:

Flowing Hair and Draped Bust Dollar Varieties (1794-1804) | Seated Liberty Silver Dollar Varieties (1840-1873) | Trade Dollar Varieties (1873-1885) | Morgan Dollar Varieties (1878-1921) | Eisenhower Dollar Varieties (1971-1978) | Susan B. Anthony Dollar Varieties (1979-1999) | Sacagawea Dollars (2000 to date) | Presidential Dollars (2007 to date)



Denom.MS/PFDateFee*NGC LabelFivaz-Stanton (NEW)
S$1MS1921 PEACE-HIGH RELIEF  
S$1MS1921 TOP-50 PEACE$15VAM-3 RAY THROUGH "L" FS-1003
S$1MS1922 MEDIUM RELIEF$15 FS-401
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-1A LINE IN TIARA  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-1F FIELD BREAK EDS FS-001f
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-1F FIELD BREAK LDS FS-001f
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2A EAR RING EDS FS-002a
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2A EAR RING LDS FS-002a
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2C EXTRA HAIR FS-002c
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2C1 EXTRA HAIR FS-002c
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2C2 EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2E2 WINGBREAK & GOUGE  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-2F HAIR PIN  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-4 DDO MOTTO  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-5-1 TDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-5A2 SCAR CHEEK EDS FS-005a
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-5A2 SCAR CHEEK LDS FS-005a
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-5B TDR & WING BREAK  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-6 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-6A DDR LEAVES & CRACK  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-7A DDR WING  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-7B DDR WING  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-8 DDO TIARA  
S$1MS1922 TOP-50$15VAM-12A MOUSTACHE FS-012a
S$1MS1922 D TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1922 D TOP-50$15VAM-4 DDO MOTTO  
S$1MS1922 D TOP-50$15VAM-7 TDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1922 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 TDR FEATHERS  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1A WHISKER JAW FS-001a
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1B EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1V EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1W EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1Y EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1AA EXTRA HAIR FS-001b
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1AB2 EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1AE EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1AN EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1AR EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1C TAIL ON "O" EDS FS-001c
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1C TAIL ON "O" LDS FS-001c
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1D WHISKER CHEEK EDS FS-001d
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1D WHISKER CHEEK LDS FS-001d
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1E BROKEN WING  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1F CHIN BAR  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1O BAR WING EDS  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-1O BAR WING LDS  
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDO TIARA FS-002
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-2A DDO TIARA & BREAK FS-002
S$1MS1923 TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1923 D TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDR EAGLE  
S$1MS1923 S TOP-50$15VAM-1C PITTED REVERSE FS-001c
S$1MS1924 TOP-50$15VAM-1A1 BAR "D"  
S$1MS1924 TOP-50$15VAM-1A2 BAR "D" & CRACK  
S$1MS1924 TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDR EAGLE  
S$1MS1924 TOP-50$15VAM-5A BROKEN WING FS-005a
S$1MS1924 TOP-50$15VAM-8A EXTRA HAIR  
S$1MS1924 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR FEATHERS  
S$1MS1925 TOP-50$15VAM-1A LINE IN TIARA  
S$1MS1925 TOP-50$15VAM-1T MISSING RAY FS-005
S$1MS1925 TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR SHOULDER  
S$1MS1925 S TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1925 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR WING  
S$1MS1926 TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1926 S TOP-50$15VAM-4 DOT REVERSE FS-004
S$1MS1926 S TOP-50$15VAM-5 DDR "DO"  
S$1MS1927 TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDO MOTTO  
S$1MS1927 D TOP-50$15VAM-2 DDO MOTTO  
S$1MS1927 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDR LEAVES  
S$1MS1928 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDO MOTTO FS-003
S$1MS1934 D SMALL D$15  
S$1MS1934 D TOP-50$15VAM-4 SMALL D DDO MOTTO FS-004
S$1MS1934 D LARGE D$15  
S$1MS1934 D TOP-50$15VAM-3 LARGE D DDO MOTTO FS-003
S$1MS1934 S TOP-50$15VAM-3 DDO TIARA  
S$1MS1935 S 3 RAYS$15  
S$1MS1935 S 4 RAYS$15  
S$1MS1935 S 4 RAYS$15VAM-4 DDR LEAVES TOP-50  
S$1PF1921 PEACE-HIGH RELIEF  
S$1PF1921 PEACE-HIGH RELIEF  
S$1PF1922 HIGH RELIEF-  
S$1PF1922 LOW RELIEF-  


* In order to have the above varieties requiring the $15 fee designated by NGC, VarietyPlus service must be requested at time of grading. VarietyPlus service is also available for coins already encapsulated by NGC. For coins where the fee column is blank, no VarietyPlus charge is required to have your coin designated during grading. For coins marked $15, a $15 surcharge applies to the tier fee during grading, or a $15 fee applies to have the VarietyPlus designation added to any coin already graded and encapsulated by NGC.
References:
Oxman, Jeff & Dr. David Close. The Official Guide to The Top 50 Peace Dollar Varieties. The Society of Silver Dollar Collectors, North Hills, CA, 2002
Van Allen, Leroy C. & Mallis, A. George. Comprehensive Catalog and Encyclopedia of Morgan & Peace Dollars, 4th Edition. Worldwide Ventures, Inc, Orlando, FL, 1998