Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 138,618
Catalog: KM-84
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $155.21 (12/1/2015)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
Numismatic specification data provided by Krause Publications NumisMaster.
Link to this coin

1854 $3 MS obverse 1854 $3 MS reverse

Expand All    Collapse All


There are no NGC varieties for this coin.

Description & Analysis

February 21, 1853, was an important date in the history of American numismatics. Congress enacted legislation to reduce the weight of minor silver coinage, also authorizing the issuance of three dollar gold pieces. Section 7 of the Mint Act of that date read: 'And be it further enacted, that from time to time there shall be struck and coined at the Mint of the United States, and the branches thereof, conformably in all respects to law, and conformably in all respects to the standard of gold coins now established by law, a coin of gold of the value of three dollars, or units, and all the provisions of an act entitled 'An act to authorize the coinage of gold dollars and double eagles,' approved March third, eighteen hundred and forty nine, shall be applied to the coin herein authorized, so far as the same may be applicable, but the devices and shape of the three dollar piece shall be fixed by Secretary of the Treasury.'

The obverse features an Indian princess facing left, wearing a feathered headdress with a beaded band inscribed LIBERTY. Around is the statutory legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The reverse has an agricultural or cereal wreath enclosing the date and denomination. The letters in the denomination DOLLARS are smaller and shorter than the date digits, the only year where that occurred (and technically making this a one-year design subtype). James B. Longacre duplicated the design for this coinage issue, with the appropriate denomination change, for the new type of gold dollar.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


Loading... Working...

Use the scroll bar at the bottom of this box to view a summary of the NGC Price Guide, NGC Census, Auction Prices Realized and NGC Registry Scores for each grade.

There was no data found for this Coin.

Select Designation


Select Grade

*To view the Census details for this coin, please sign in or sign up.

Price Guide

Last Updated: 10/1/2015

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1854 $3 MS
Base $ 400 515 580 890 1150 1325 1425 1550 1875 3000 3850 4900 7900 18000 32000 92500 185000 - -
$ 1200 - 1500 1650 2050 3450 4350 5750 10000 - - - -

NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer



Total Graded: 4014
Low Grade: G
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 67

Upcoming Auctions

A random selection of NGC coins is shown below.

Auction House
Sale / Lot
12/6/2015 XF Details  Heritage Auctions 2015 December 3 - 6 Houston Money Show US Coins Signature Auction - Houston Session(4), 1227/Lot# 8127
12/6/2015 VG 8   Heritage Auctions 2015 December 3 - 6 Houston Money Show US Coins Signature Auction - Houston Session(4), 1227/Lot# 8125
12/6/2015 AU 58   Heritage Auctions 2015 December 3 - 6 Houston Money Show US Coins Signature Auction - Houston Session(3), 1227/Lot# 4571
12/6/2015 AU 53   Heritage Auctions 2015 December 3 - 6 Houston Money Show US Coins Signature Auction - Houston Session(3), 1227/Lot# 4570

Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Auction House
Sale / Lot
9/4/2006 PCGS AU 50   Teletrade Auction 2255, 2255/Lot# 1995 $1,848.00
3/10/2009 NGC XF 40   Heritage Auctions Tuesday Internet Coin Auction #29033, 29033/Lot# 23464 $1,035.00
10/13/2011 PCGS AU 55   Heritage Auctions 2011 October 13-16 US Coins Signature Auction #1160- Pittsburgh Session(3), 1160/Lot# 4823 $1,437.50
1/29/2012 PCGS XF 45   Goldberg January 29 - February 1, 2012 The Pre-Long Beach Auction, 67/Lot# 1409 $1,150.00
5/27/2012 NGC AU 58   Bonhams Coins and Medals, 19995/Lot# 1252 $2,106.00
2/22/2013 NGC MS 65   Stack's Bowers The March 2013 Baltimore Auction, 181/Lot# 2152 $17,037.50
8/25/2013 PCGS XF 40   David Lawrence Rare Coins Internet Auction # 766, 775/Lot# 5214 $1,100.00
9/9/2013 PCGS AU 55   Teletrade Auction 3447, 3447/Lot# 2422 $975.00
2/16/2014 PCGS Genuine AU   GreatCollections GreatCollections Coin Auctions 02/16/2014, 174/Lot# 171544 $1,067.00

NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1854 $3 MS
1854 $3 MS Prooflike
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: MS 62
Points: 2699
Owner: Robert Baker Trust
Grade: MS 61
Points: 2268
Owner: hamitchell
View the Registry Image Gallery

Related Articles

There are no related articles for this coin.

NGC Auction Central Disclaimer