Coin Specifications

Category: Early American – Pre-Declaration (1616-1775)
Mint: Royal Mint (?)
Catalog: KM-2
Composition: Silver
Diameter: 16.3mm
Numismatic specification data provided by Krause Publications NumisMaster.
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c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 4P MS obverse c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 4P MS reverse


  
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VarietyPlus®

There are no varieties for this coin.

Description & Analysis

Two varieties of Lord Baltimore Maryland Fourpence, or Groats are known: the unique Small Bust variant and the Large Bust variety. Examples are known in a wide range of grades, which indicates that these coins saw circulation in Maryland.

The Lord Baltimore Maryland coinage was ordered by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, who in 1632 received a charter from King Charles I of England to establish the new colony of Maryland. This charter gave Calvert nearly equal authority to the monarch in the territory, including the right to strike coins.

On October 16, 1659, Cecil Calvert sent a letter to his brother Philip Calvert in Maryland along with samples of a new “Maryland money” that he intended to circulate in the colony. The Maryland Assembly initially resisted, but on April 17, 1661, an act was passed that authorized the establishment of a mint to strike coins. The following year, an act was passed that required every taxable person in Maryland to exchange 60 pounds of tobacco for 10 shillings of the new coins.

Although the Maryland Assembly’s act of 1661 authorized a mint in the colony, it is believed that all of the Lord Baltimore Maryland coinage was struck in England, most likely at the Royal Mint.

GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

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The World Coin Price Guide is independently compiled by Krause Publications’ NumisMaster. NGC makes this information available to its website visitors as a free service, but in no way does the information provided represent NGC’s official opinion or policy. For example, varieties listed in the World Coin Price Guide may not necessarily be recognized by NGC. Please contact NGC Customer Service with any questions.

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Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 5
Low Grade: VF
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 64


Upcoming Auctions


Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
1/7/2009 NGC VF 30   Heritage Auctions 2009 January Orlando, FL FUN Auction #1121, 1121/Lot# 3540 $17,250.00
2/22/2013 PCGS AU 53   Stack's Bowers The March 2013 Baltimore Auction, 181/Lot# 2 $70,500.00
2/27/2014 PCGS VF 35   Heritage Auctions 2014 February 27 - 28 & March 2 Mid-Winter ANA US Coins Signature Auction - Atlanta Session(2), 1203/Lot# 3690 $25,850.00
1/7/2015 NGC MS 64   Heritage Auctions 2015 January 7 - 12 FUN US Coins Signature Auction - Orlando Session(4), 1216/Lot# 5619 $105,750.00
1/7/2015 NGC AU 53   Heritage Auctions 2015 January 7 - 12 FUN US Coins Signature Auction - Orlando Session(4), 1216/Lot# 5621 $111,625.00
3/26/2015 PCGS AU 55   Stack's Bowers March 2015 Baltimore, 6065/Lot# 2452 $49,937.50


NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score c.1659 LORD BALTIMORE MARYLAND 4P MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base168319692860398453676248688674317597770478597960884995881051516286210762247323937254712707628755
17782266323444455660646070677486763277557892825690959897124381788221541229612444826006276350
0000007067748676327755789282569095989712438178822154122961244482600600
00000072497541766878077926855293411020614362194792200723449249592654100
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