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State & Territorial Quarters (1999-2009)



The 21st Century is an exciting time for collectors of United States coins. After years of decrying the lack of variety in our current coinage, things are sure happening fast! 1999 saw the launching of a ten-year program honoring each of the fifty states with a circulating commemorative quarter. That same year a coin from America’s recent past made a surprising comeback when the United States Mint struck a new press run of Susan B. Anthony Dollars—nearly twenty years after the last production of this coin! Finally, collectors greeted the new gold-colored Sacagawea Dollar, heralded as a promising successor to the ill-fated Anthony Dollar.


For the first time in many years, Americans are searching their pocket change for collectable coins. Perhaps the most eagerly awaited issues were the 50-states quarters, of which five new designs were released each year from 1999 through 2008. This program began with passage on October 20, 1996 of the United States Commemorative Quarter Act. This provided for a feasibility study of a program recognizing each of the fifty states with a circulating quarter. Encouraged by the results of an independent study by a nationwide marketing firm, Congress gave the green light to this unprecedented coin series, and it was signed into law by President Clinton.

The program called for each state to be celebrated with a unique reverse design for the Washington Quarter. The obverse of the quarter remained the same for each state’s coin, while most of the statutory inscriptions were relocated to this side to make more room for the commemorative design on the reverse. It’s not known when or even if the regular Washington type, with its heraldic eagle reverse, will resume at the program’s conclusion. For the time being, however, the modified obverse bears the initials of both the original sculptor, John Flanagan (JF) and the U. S. Mint sculptor/engraver responsible for revising it, William Cousins (WC).

Each state has been recognized on the quarter in the order in which it was admitted to the Union. Naturally, the original thirteen American colonies were the first to be honored, while the remaining state quarters unfolded over the ten-year run of the program. The mints at Philadelphia (mintmark ‘P’) and Denver (‘D’) struck copper-nickel-clad quarters for general circulation, while the San Francisco Mint (‘S’) coined proof specimens for collectors in both the clad composition and the historic alloy of 90% silver and 10% copper used formerly until 1965.

Each of the various states was responsible for creating its own design, though these were reviewed also by the federal Commission of Fine Arts, the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee and the U. S. Mint, which had to rule on the design’s “coinability.” Typically, the state’s governor appointed a committee consisting of persons from various walks of life. In the best case scenario, such committees included a numismatist, though this was not always true. Various designs were selected as finalists to be submitted to the Mint and the reviewing commissions, and the judging process was often acrimonious. Few of the states got exactly the design they wanted without some revisions required by the Mint for purely practical reasons. Another source of contention was that the artist whose submission was selected received little or no official credit. The coin models were signed by the Mint sculptor who created the final coin models, rather than by the artists involved. In some instances, even the states couldn’t agree who the “official” artist was, as similar designs were submitted by different individuals and desirable elements mixed and matched at the committee’s discretion.

While no great rarities have emerged from this program among normal strikes, there are noticeable differences in value for several issues. For some reason the Tennessee Quarters coined at Philadelphia and Denver carry a distinct premium, perhaps due to some factor regarding their distribution. It’s widely accepted that more quarters have been produced over the course of this program than actual circulation demand required, so there are probably undistributed hoards of various issues lying idle within vaults.

The only big premiums thus far are for the two varieties of Denver-Mint Wisconsin Quarters showing what appear to be single extra leaves on the corn plant. Likely the result of some manufacturing flaw, this curious phenomenon created two such varieties, one with the extra “leaf” higher than on the other. The “Extra Leaf High” variety is the scarcer of the two and brings a bigger price. Other, less notable varieties revolve around minor die-clashing and seemingly random scratches and flaws in the dies, but these carry only modest mark-ups.

As the 50 States Quarters program wound down in 2008, Congress approved an extension bill that authorized the striking of six additional commemorative quarters for 2009. These honor the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the U. S. Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands. Coinciding with the four commemorative cents marking the bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln’s birth and the ongoing Presidential Dollar program, this makes for enormous Proof and Uncirculated Sets for 2009.

The artistic legacy of all these additional United States coins is a mixed one at best. Collectors have been mostly critical of designs that feature outlines of the states being honored. Some of the design features utilized, while they must have looked impressive on the oversized sketches and models, are difficult to discern on coins the size of a quarter dollar. This has been true especially of the circulation strikes, on which the details are not fully rendered. As anyone who has studied numismatic art will attest, design by committee is always a mistake, and this has been never more true than with the 50 States Quarters program. Nevertheless, collectors have taken them to their hearts, and this is a rare instance in which in the general public has likewise come along for the ride.

Coins in Category

1999 P DELAWARE 25C MS 1999 D DELAWARE 25C MS 1999 P PENNSYLVANIA 25C MS 1999 D PENNSYLVANIA 25C MS 1999 P NEW JERSEY 25C MS 1999 D NEW JERSEY 25C MS 1999 P GEORGIA 25C MS 1999 D GEORGIA 25C MS 1999 P CONNECTICUT 25C MS 1999 D CONNECTICUT 25C MS 2000 P MASSACHUSETTS 25C MS 2000 D MASSACHUSETTS 25C MS 2000 P MARYLAND 25C MS 2000 D MARYLAND 25C MS 2000 P SO.CAROLINA 25C MS 2000 D SO.CAROLINA 25C MS 2000 P NEW HAMPSHIRE 25C MS 2000 D NEW HAMPSHIRE 25C MS 2000 P VIRGINIA 25C MS 2000 D VIRGINIA 25C MS 2001 P NEW YORK 25C MS 2001 D NEW YORK 25C MS 2001 P NO.CAROLINA 25C MS 2001 D NO.CAROLINA 25C MS 2001 P RHODE ISLAND 25C MS 2001 D RHODE ISLAND 25C MS 2001 P VERMONT 25C MS 2001 D VERMONT 25C MS 2001 P KENTUCKY 25C MS 2001 D KENTUCKY 25C MS 2002 P TENNESSEE 25C MS 2002 D TENNESSEE 25C MS 2002 P OHIO 25C MS 2002 D OHIO 25C MS 2002 P LOUISIANA 25C MS 2002 D LOUISIANA 25C MS 2002 P INDIANA 25C MS 2002 D INDIANA 25C MS 2002 P MISSISSIPPI 25C MS 2002 D MISSISSIPPI 25C MS 2003 P ILLINOIS 25C MS 2003 D ILLINOIS 25C MS 2003 P ALABAMA 25C MS 2003 D ALABAMA 25C MS 2003 P MAINE 25C MS 2003 D MAINE 25C MS 2003 P MISSOURI 25C MS 2003 D MISSOURI 25C MS 2003 P ARKANSAS 25C MS 2003 D ARKANSAS 25C MS 2004 P MICHIGAN 25C MS 2004 D MICHIGAN 25C MS 2004 P FLORIDA 25C MS 2004 D FLORIDA 25C MS 2004 P TEXAS 25C MS 2004 D TEXAS 25C MS 2004 P IOWA 25C MS 2004 D IOWA 25C MS 2004 P WISCONSIN 25C MS 2004 D WISCONSIN 25C MS 2004 D EXTRA LEAF HIGH WISCONSIN 25C MS 2004 D EXTRA LEAF LOW WISCONSIN 25C MS 2005 P CALIFORNIA 25C MS 2005 P SMS CALIFORNIA 25C MS 2005 D CALIFORNIA 25C MS 2005 D SMS CALIFORNIA 25C MS 2005 P MINNESOTA 25C MS 2005 P SMS MINNESOTA 25C MS 2005 D MINNESOTA 25C MS 2005 D SMS MINNESOTA 25C MS 2005 P OREGON 25C MS 2005 P SMS OREGON 25C MS 2005 D OREGON 25C MS 2005 D SMS OREGON 25C MS 2005 P KANSAS 25C MS 2005 P SMS KANSAS 25C MS 2005 D KANSAS 25C MS 2005 D SMS KANSAS 25C MS 2005 P WEST VIRGINIA 25C MS 2005 P SMS WEST VIRGINIA 25C MS 2005 D WEST VIRGINIA 25C MS 2005 D SMS WEST VIRGINIA 25C MS 2006 P NEVADA 25C MS 2006 P SMS NEVADA 25C MS 2006 D NEVADA 25C MS 2006 D SMS NEVADA 25C MS 2006 P NEBRASKA 25C MS 2006 P SMS NEBRASKA 25C MS 2006 D NEBRASKA 25C MS 2006 D SMS NEBRASKA 25C MS 2006 P COLORADO 25C MS 2006 P SMS COLORADO 25C MS 2006 D COLORADO 25C MS 2006 D SMS COLORADO 25C MS 2006 P NORTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 P SMS NORTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 D NORTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 D SMS NORTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 P SOUTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 P SMS SOUTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 D SOUTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2006 D SMS SOUTH DAKOTA 25C MS 2007 P MONTANA 25C MS 2007 P SMS MONTANA 25C MS 2007 D MONTANA 25C MS 2007 D SMS MONTANA 25C MS 2007 P WASHINGTON 25C MS 2007 P SMS WASHINGTON 25C MS 2007 D WASHINGTON 25C MS 2007 D SMS WASHINGTON 25C MS 2007 P IDAHO 25C MS 2007 P SMS IDAHO 25C MS 2007 D IDAHO 25C MS 2007 D SMS IDAHO 25C MS 2007 P WYOMING 25C MS 2007 P SMS WYOMING 25C MS 2007 D WYOMING 25C MS 2007 D SMS WYOMING 25C MS 2007 P UTAH 25C MS 2007 P SMS UTAH 25C MS 2007 D UTAH 25C MS 2007 D SMS UTAH 25C MS 2008 P OKLAHOMA 25C MS 2008 P SMS OKLAHOMA 25C MS 2008 D OKLAHOMA 25C MS 2008 D SMS OKLAHOMA 25C MS 2008 P NEW MEXICO 25C MS 2008 P SMS NEW MEXICO 25C MS 2008 D NEW MEXICO 25C MS 2008 D SMS NEW MEXICO 25C MS 2008 P ARIZONA 25C MS 2008 P SMS ARIZONA 25C MS 2008 D ARIZONA 25C MS 2008 D SMS ARIZONA 25C MS 2008 P ALASKA 25C MS 2008 P SMS ALASKA 25C MS 2008 D ALASKA 25C MS 2008 D SMS ALASKA 25C MS 2008 P HAWAII 25C MS 2008 P SMS HAWAII 25C MS 2008 D HAWAII 25C MS 2008 D SMS HAWAII 25C MS 2009 P DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C MS 2009 P SMS DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C MS 2009 D DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C MS 2009 D SMS DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C MS 2009 P PUERTO RICO 25C MS 2009 P SMS PUERTO RICO 25C MS 2009 D PUERTO RICO 25C MS 2009 D SMS PUERTO RICO 25C MS 2009 P GUAM 25C MS 2009 P SMS GUAM 25C MS 2009 D GUAM 25C MS 2009 D SMS GUAM 25C MS 2009 P AMERICAN SAMOA 25C MS 2009 P SMS AMERICAN SAMOA 25C MS 2009 D AMERICAN SAMOA 25C MS 2009 D SMS AMERICAN SAMOA 25C MS 2009 P U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C MS 2009 P SMS U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C MS 2009 D U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C MS 2009 D SMS U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C MS 2009 P NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C MS 2009 P SMS NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C MS 2009 D NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C MS 2009 D SMS NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C MS
1999 S CLAD DELAWARE 25C PF 1999 S SILVER DELAWARE 25C PF 1999 S CLAD PENNSYLVANIA 25C PF 1999 S SILVER PENNSYLVANIA 25C PF 1999 S CLAD NEW JERSEY 25C PF 1999 S SILVER NEW JERSEY 25C PF 1999 S CLAD GEORGIA 25C PF 1999 S SILVER GEORGIA 25C PF 1999 S CLAD CONNECTICUT 25C PF 1999 S SILVER CONNECTICUT 25C PF 2000 S CLAD MASSACHUSETTS 25C PF 2000 S SILVER MASSACHUSETTS 25C PF 2000 S CLAD MARYLAND 25C PF 2000 S SILVER MARYLAND 25C PF 2000 S CLAD SO.CAROLINA 25C PF 2000 S SILVER SO.CAROLINA 25C PF 2000 S CLAD NEW HAMPSHIRE 25C PF 2000 S SILVER NEW HAMPSHIRE 25C PF 2000 S CLAD VIRGINIA 25C PF 2000 S SILVER VIRGINIA 25C PF 2001 S CLAD NEW YORK 25C PF 2001 S SILVER NEW YORK 25C PF 2001 S CLAD NO.CAROLINA 25C PF 2001 S SILVER NO.CAROLINA 25C PF 2001 S CLAD RHODE ISLAND 25C PF 2001 S SILVER RHODE ISLAND 25C PF 2001 S CLAD VERMONT 25C PF 2001 S SILVER VERMONT 25C PF 2001 S CLAD KENTUCKY 25C PF 2001 S SILVER KENTUCKY 25C PF 2002 S CLAD TENNESSEE 25C PF 2002 S SILVER TENNESSEE 25C PF 2002 S CLAD OHIO 25C PF 2002 S SILVER OHIO 25C PF 2002 S CLAD LOUISIANA 25C PF 2002 S SILVER LOUISIANA 25C PF 2002 S CLAD INDIANA 25C PF 2002 S SILVER INDIANA 25C PF 2002 S CLAD MISSISSIPPI 25C PF 2002 S SILVER MISSISSIPPI 25C PF 2003 S CLAD ILLINOIS 25C PF 2003 S SILVER ILLINOIS 25C PF 2003 S CLAD ALABAMA 25C PF 2003 S SILVER ALABAMA 25C PF 2003 S CLAD MAINE 25C PF 2003 S SILVER MAINE 25C PF 2003 S CLAD MISSOURI 25C PF 2003 S SILVER MISSOURI 25C PF 2003 S CLAD ARKANSAS 25C PF 2003 S SILVER ARKANSAS 25C PF 2004 S CLAD MICHIGAN 25C PF 2004 S SILVER MICHIGAN 25C PF 2004 S CLAD FLORIDA 25C PF 2004 S SILVER FLORIDA 25C PF 2004 S CLAD TEXAS 25C PF 2004 S SILVER TEXAS 25C PF 2004 S CLAD IOWA 25C PF 2004 S SILVER IOWA 25C PF 2004 S CLAD WISCONSIN 25C PF 2004 S SILVER WISCONSIN 25C PF 2005 S CLAD CALIFORNIA 25C PF 2005 S SILVER CALIFORNIA 25C PF 2005 S CLAD MINNESOTA 25C PF 2005 S SILVER MINNESOTA 25C PF 2005 S CLAD OREGON 25C PF 2005 S SILVER OREGON 25C PF 2005 S CLAD KANSAS 25C PF 2005 S SILVER KANSAS 25C PF 2005 S CLAD WEST VIRGINIA 25C PF 2005 S SILVER WEST VIRGINIA 25C PF 2006 S CLAD NEVADA 25C PF 2006 S SILVER NEVADA 25C PF 2006 S CLAD NEBRASKA 25C PF 2006 S SILVER NEBRASKA 25C PF 2006 S CLAD COLORADO 25C PF 2006 S SILVER COLORADO 25C PF 2006 S CLAD NORTH DAKOTA 25C PF 2006 S SILVER NORTH DAKOTA 25C PF 2006 S CLAD SOUTH DAKOTA 25C PF 2006 S SILVER SOUTH DAKOTA 25C PF 2007 S CLAD MONTANA 25C PF 2007 S SILVER MONTANA 25C PF 2007 S CLAD WASHINGTON 25C PF 2007 S SILVER WASHINGTON 25C PF 2007 S CLAD IDAHO 25C PF 2007 S SILVER IDAHO 25C PF 2007 S CLAD WYOMING 25C PF 2007 S SILVER WYOMING 25C PF 2007 S CLAD UTAH 25C PF 2007 S SILVER UTAH 25C PF 2008 S CLAD OKLAHOMA 25C PF 2008 S SILVER OKLAHOMA 25C PF 2008 S CLAD NEW MEXICO 25C PF 2008 S SILVER NEW MEXICO 25C PF 2008 S CLAD ARIZONA 25C PF 2008 S SILVER ARIZONA 25C PF 2008 S CLAD ALASKA 25C PF 2008 S SILVER ALASKA 25C PF 2008 S CLAD HAWAII 25C PF 2008 S SILVER HAWAII 25C PF 2009 S CLAD DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C PF 2009 S SILVER DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 25C PF 2009 S CLAD PUERTO RICO 25C PF 2009 S SILVER PUERTO RICO 25C PF 2009 S CLAD GUAM 25C PF 2009 S SILVER GUAM 25C PF 2009 S CLAD AMERICAN SAMOA 25C PF 2009 S SILVER AMERICAN SAMOA 25C PF 2009 S CLAD U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C PF 2009 S SILVER U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 25C PF 2009 S CLAD NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C PF 2009 S SILVER NORTHERN MARIANAS 25C PF

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