Coin Specifications

Category: Indian Head $10 (1907-1933)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 74
Catalog: KM-130
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 16.7180g
AGW: 0.4837oz
Melt Value: $629.05 (7/29/2014)
Diameter: 27mm
Numismatic specification data provided by Krause Publications NumisMaster.
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1909 $10 PF obverse 1909 $10 PF reverse


  
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Description & Analysis

'Time and tide wait for no man,' goes the old bromide, and tastes change with the times in numismatics, as in all other things. What was once in disfavor is today greatly admired. When the new dark matte proof gold coinage of the Saint-Gaudens design was introduced, the collector reaction was near-uniform condemnation.

The eagles debuted in 1907, and the proof eagles of that year are legendary rarities that Breen calls 'so rare as to be controversial.' Nonetheless, Jeff Garrett and Ron Guth, in their Gold Encyclopedia, enumerate one 1907 Rolled Edge, Periods satin proof and two 1907 matte proofs.

The year 1908 is the first for which proofs are relatively available, produced to the extent of 116 specimens. Although there are a few outliers, the most commonly seen finish is a dark matte finish, one that Dr. Robert Loewinger in his reference on proof gold calls 'an olive dark matte finish.' Garrett and Guth write that 'orders for these coins were large, as the 1908 coins were the first Proofs generally available to collectors.' After the outcry arose against their distinctive, dark, and olive-drab appearance, the Mint tried a compromise in 1909 and 1910, with the Satin or Roman finish proofs. Of the latter coins, famed early pattern collector-numismatist and future U.S. Treasurer William H. Woodin wrote:

{blockquote}'I am surprised at the statement that the dull finish of the gold proof coins was objected to by many collectors. If any collectors objected to this finish it was because they did not understand that the St. Gaudens [sic] designs are not adapted to the production of polished proofs. The present proofs of the St. Gaudens designs and of the Pratt designs are simply rotten. I know of no other word to express it.'{/blockquote}

Woodin preferred the dark matte finish--which could not be mistaken for circulation-strike coinage--to the lighter, somewhat ambiguous semibrilliant finish of the Roman coins, which appeared neither fish nor fowl, to Woodin's view.

In any case, with the passage of a century, collectors today treasure either the matte or Roman finish proofs.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 6/20/2014

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1909 $10 PF
  GVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ - - - - - - - - - - 8300 10000 15500 25500 42000 82000 103000 157000 - - -
$ - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
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Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 39
Low Grade: 63
Average Grade: 64
High Grade: 68


Upcoming Auctions


Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
1/12/2005 NGC PF 67   Heritage Auctions 2005 Ft. Lauderdale FL. (FUN) Signature Sale #360, 360/Lot# 30648 $80,500.00
2/23/2005 NGC PF 64   Heritage Auctions 2005 February Long Beach Signature Sale #366, 366/Lot# 8909 $25,875.00
9/23/2007 NGC PF 64   Goldberg September 23-26, 2007 Pre-Long Beach Coin and Currency Auction, 42/Lot# 3393 $22,425.00
7/31/2009 NGC PF 67   Heritage Auctions 2009 August Los Angeles, CA US Coin Auction #1128, 1128/Lot# 1313 $74,750.00
7/7/2011 NGC PF 65   Heritage Auctions 2011 July Orlando Summer FUN Signature US Coin Auction Session(3), 1157/Lot# 4976 $48,875.00
7/27/2013 NGC PF 67   Stack's Bowers The August 2013 Chicago ANA World's Fair of Money , 192/Lot# 4538 $141,000.00


NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1909 $10 PF
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base1111111115662072263629413386431954656153787584459322105711501319241
11111115221734226027373089369747015694672780658737973812051164220
0000001522173422602737308936974701569467278065873797381205100
000000110441903244828393237400850835923730182559029101541353200
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