Coin Specifications

Category: Three Dollar Gold (1854-1889)
Mint: Philadelphia
Mintage: 4,850
Catalog: KM-84
Obverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Reverse Designer: James B. Longacre
Composition: Gold
Fineness: 0.9000
Weight: 5.0150g
AGW: 0.1451oz
Melt Value: $186.51 (7/31/2014)
Diameter: 20.5mm
Edge: Reeded
Numismatic specification data provided by Krause Publications NumisMaster.
Link to this coin

1868 $3 MS obverse 1868 $3 MS reverse


  
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Description & Analysis

After the Civil War, gold and silver coins remained a precious commodity that was hoarded and remained totally absent from circulation, except on the West coast. Similarly, mintages remained extremely small, especially at the Philadelphia Mint. At the time, the only operating branch Mint was in San Francisco. The New Orleans, Dahlonega, and Charlotte Mints had all ceased operations at the start of the Civil War, and only New Orleans would eventually reopen. The Carson City Mint was in planning stages, but had not yet opened its doors.

Total production of three-dollar gold pieces during the year was 4,875 coins, including 25 proofs. Today, it is estimated that less than 100 Mint States examples of this date survive, along with 300 to 400 circulated pieces, according to Q. David Bowers and Douglas Winter in The United States $3 Gold Pieces. Nearly all existing Mint State coins are in the lower numerical levels, from MS60 to 63. Gem quality survivors are extremely rare, as evidenced by the population totals.

Description and Analysis courtesy of Heritage Auctions and may not be republished without written permission.


GRADE SUMMARY

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Price Guide

Last Updated: 7/5/2013

Click on a price to see historical prices, comparison charts and trends.

1868 $3 MS
  GVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base $ 450 540 600 910 1410 1410 1970 2100 2250 3300 4900 5700 7600 10500 14000 32500 51000 86400 - - -
$ 1550 2170 2375 2575 3600 5300 6100 8200 11800 16000 36500 57000 93000 -
NGC Price and Value Guides Disclaimer

Census

 
NGC GRADE SUMMARY

Total Graded: 350
Low Grade: VF
Average Grade: 55
High Grade: 67


Upcoming Auctions


Auction Prices Realized

A random selection of coins is shown below.

Images
Date
Service
Grade
Auction House
Sale / Lot
Price
11/13/2006 PCGS AU 55   Teletrade Auction 2286, 2286/Lot# 2526 $2,240.00
4/28/2010 PCGS MS 64   Heritage Auctions 2010 April-May Milwaukee, WI CSNS US Coin Auction #1139, 1139/Lot# 2221 $11,500.00
8/15/2011 NGC AU 50   Stack's Bowers The August 2011 Chicago ANA World's Fair of Money Auction, 115/Lot# 3809 $920.00
9/2/2012 PCGS MS 64   Goldberg September 2-5, 2012 The September 2-5, 2012, 70/Lot# 2051 $10,637.50
10/17/2012 PCGS   Stack's Bowers The November 2012 Baltimore Auction - US and World Lots - Live and Internet Only Sessions, 144/Lot# 25236 $776.68
12/22/2013 NGC AU 55   GreatCollections GreatCollections Coin Auctions 12/22/2013, 106/Lot# 146746 $2,350.00
2/3/2014 NGC MS 62   Heritage Auctions 2014 February 3 - 5 US Coins Signature Auction - New York Session(4), 1202/Lot# 5341 $4,993.75


NGC Registry

NGC Registry Score 1868 $3 MS
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base90596710341105117913931596177620342188239725252671332439524876640076519084136761872726109
92598910571129125014601656186220852257243925732888353342605384681781281061415359211870
000000165618622085225724392573288835334260538468178128106141535900
000000171619482136232724822622310637424568589272348606121451704300
1868 $3 MS Prooflike
 PrAgGVGFVF4045505355586061626364656667686970
Base93199610641137135115961739187221402299251626482799347441235076664479309400132851780524308
952101810881208143216431783196121932371256026983024369044405598707284201069514791199720
000000178319612193237125602698302436904440559870728420106951479100
000000182720502246244326042748324939064758612175018910119901629800
Registry Image Gallery
Grade: MS 61
Points: 2671
Owner: Whidbey Island Collection
 
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